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Florida

Florida, the Sunshine State, is located in the southeastern part of the United States. The state borders Georgia and Alabama. Most of Florida is a peninsula with the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Gulf of Mexico on the west. Key West, part of the Florida Keys, is the most southern part of the continental United States and is only 94 miles north of Cuba.

Population

Florida is the forth largest populated state with 18,251,243 (as of 2007) and is the third fastest growing state in the United States. The Miami/Fort Lauderdale metropolitan area contains the largest population in Florida as well as that of the southeastern United States.

Brief History

The Spanish conquistador, Juan Ponce de León, named Florida during Pascua Florida which is the Spanish term for the Easter season. Over the following century, Florida was settled by the Spanish, the French, and the British. Spain gave Florida to the United States in 1819 for Texas and $5 million. Florida became the 27th state on March 3, 1845. Before the declaration of the American Civil War, on January 18, 1861, Florida left the United States to become one of the founding members of the Confederate States of America. After the Civil War, on June 25, 1868, Florida regained statehood. Today, Florida is the fourth largest state in the United States and the second largest in the South next to Texas. The United States Census Bureau estimates that Florida will become the third most populous state by 2011.

State Flag and State Seal

The Florida state flag (shown at the right) displays the state seal on a white field centered on a St. Andrew’s Cross. The state seal (shown at the right) depicts a scene of the sun’s rays, a palm tree, a steamboat, and a Florida Seminole Indian female scattering flowers in the foreground. Around the outside edge are the words, “Great Seal of the State of Florida: In God We Trust.”

Florida Facts

Here are some quick facts on Florida. If you have any additional facts that you would like to see listed here, feel free to contact us.

 Capital City: Tallahassee
 Population: 18,251,243 (Est. 2007)
 Motto: In God We Trust
 Nickname: Sunshine State
 Statehood: March 3, 1845 (27)
 State Bird: Mockingbird
 State Tree: Sabal Palmetto Palm
 State Flower: Orange Blossom
 Land Area: 65,795 sq.mi., 22nd largest
 State Song: The Swanee River
 Origin of State's Name: Named after Pascua Florida – "Flowery Easter"
 Largest Cities: Miami, Tampa, Orlando, Jacksonville, Sarasota

Florida Weather

Since Florida is a peninsula, its weather is affected by the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. The northern half of Florida has a hot and humid climate with occasional cooler weather during the winter months. The southern half of Florida, including the Florida Keys, has a tropical climate. Florida rarely receives temperatures higher than 100 °F, however, due to the high humidity it typically feels hotter than that. Florida is known as the “Sunshine State” however, it rains and thunderstorms frequently. The state also receives the most precipitation than any of the other states.

Florida can experience some extreme weather. Between June and November is hurricane season with the majority of hurricanes occurring in August through October. Florida also receives a lot of tornados, even more than the states in the Great Plains. Central Florida is the lightening capital of the United States. It rarely snows in Florida, although it has recorded snow in the past.

Typical High and Low Temperatures For Various Florida Cities

City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Apalachicola 62/43 65/46 70/51 76/58 83/65 88/72 90/74 89/74 87/71 80/60 72/52 65/45
Daytona Beach 70/47 71/49 76/54 80/58 85/64 89/71 91/72 90/73 88/72 83/65 77/57 71/50
Fort Myers 75/54 76/55 80/59 84/63 89/68 91/73 92/74 92/74 90/74 86/69 81/62 77/56
Gainesville 66/42 69/45 75/50 80/55 86/62 90/68 91/71 90/71 87/68 81/59 74/51 68/44
Jacksonville 64/42 67/44 73/50 79/55 84/62 89/69 91/72 89/72 86/69 79/60 72/51 66/44
Key West 75/65 76/66 79/69 82/72 85/76 88/79 89/80 90/79 88/78 85/76 81/72 77/67
Miami 76/60 78/60 81/64 84/68 87/72 90/75 91/76 91/76 89/76 85/72 81/68 78/62
Orlando 72/50 74/51 79/56 83/60 88/66 91/71 92/73 92/73 90/72 85/66 79/59 73/53
Pensacola 61/43 64/45 70/52 76/58 83/66 89/72 91/74 90/74 87/70 79/60 70/51 63/45
Tallahassee 64/40 67/42 74/48 80/53 86/62 91/70 92/73 92/73 88/69 81/57 73/48 66/42
Tampa 70/52 72/54 76/58 81/62 86/69 89/74 90/75 90/75 89/74 84/68 78/61 72/55
Vero Beach 73/53 74/54 78/58 81/62 85/67 89/72 90/73 90/73 89/73 84/68 79/62 75/55
West Palm Beach 75/57 76/58 79/62 82/65 86/70 88/74 90/75 90/75 89/75 85/71 80/66 76/60
Temperatures listed are in Fahrenheit
Source: US Travel Weather

Florida Attractions

There are currently no attractions listed. If you would like to list an attraction such as an amusement park, museum, zoo, state park, etc you will soon be able to submit your information here.

User Submitted Articles for Florida

Additional Resources

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