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Arizona

Arizona, home of the Grand Canyon (one of the seven natural wonders of the world), is located in the southwestern United States. Arizona is one of the states that form the “Four Corners” with New Mexico, Utah and Colorado. The state also borders California and Nevada. Arizona has an international border with Mexico.

The Grand Canyon carved by the Colorado River was one of the first national parks in the United States. The Grand Canyon is 227 miles long, ranges in width from 4 miles to 8 miles, and can get as 1 mile deep. There are other national parks and forests located in the great state of Arizona.

Population

Arizona has the 6th largest population at 6,338,755 (as of 2007). The largest city is Phoenix, Arizona’s capital. The population density of Arizona is 45.2 people per square mile with more than 58% of the population living in cities of 100,000 or more. Arizona has the 3rd highest population of Native Americans, only California and Oklahoma have more. Phoenix, Tucson, Prescott, and Yuma border Native American reservations. The population of Arizona grew significantly after World War II, mainly due to the development of air conditioning.

Brief History

Spanish explorers Marcos de Niza and Coronado were the first Europeans to enter the Arizona region and claimed it for Spain. Arizona became part of the Mexican territory when Mexico achieved its independence from Spain. The United States gained the Arizona territory after the Mexican-American War. Mormons moved into Arizona during the mid-to-late 19th century where they founded Mesa, Snowflake, Heber, Safford and other towns. On February 14, 1912, Arizona became the 48th state, the last of the contiguous continental states. During World War II, Arizona became the site of many German and Italian POW camps as well as Japanese US-resident internment camps. The internment camps were abolished after World War II.

State Flag and State Seal

The Arizona state flag displays a red star centered half way on a blue field on the lower half and 13 red and yellow stripes (“beams” or “rays). The red star represents Arizona’s copper production. The 13 red and yellow ‘beams” or “rays” represent the setting sun over the Arizona desert. The stripes also represent the 13 original colonies. The blue field is the same “liberty blue” as the United States flag as well as one of Arizona’s state colors.

Arizona’s state seal depicts a scene displaying the main enterprises and attractions. Included in the scene are background mountain ranges with the sun rising over the peaks, a dam and reservoir, cattle, a quartz mill with a minor holding a shovel and a pick, and irrigation fields and orchards. Above the scene is Arizona’s state motto, Ditat Deus, which is Latin for God Enriches. The words “Great Seal of the State of Arizona” are written around the seal’s edge along with the year “1912,” the year Arizona was admitted into the United States.

Arizona Facts

Here are some quick facts on Arizona. If you have any additional facts that you would like to see listed here, feel free to contact us.

 Capital City: Phoenix
 Population: 6,338,755 (Est. 2007)
 Motto: Ditat Deus "God enriches"
 Nickname: Grand Canyon State
 Statehood: February 14, 1912 (48th)
 State Bird: Cactus Wren
 State Tree: Palo Verde
 State Flower: Saguaro Cactus Blossom
 Land Area: 113,998 sq.mi., 6th largest
 State Song: Arizona March Song • Arizona
 Origin of State's Name: A Spanish version of the Pima Indian word arizonac for "place of the small spring" or from the Aztec's arizuma meaning "silver-bearing"
 Largest Cities: Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa, Prescott, Yuma

Arizona Weather

The weather in Arizona is affected by the elevation. Higher elevations normally have warm summers, typically in the 80s °F, and winters can easily dip well below freezing with heavy snows. Lower elevations are desert like with hot summer temperatures, usually over 100 °F and winters are mild and usually do not get below freezing. Large temperature changes occur between the day and night temperatures. The temperature changes can be as high as 50 °F in the summer.

Arizona primarily has a dry climate with low humidity and very little rainfall, averaging around 12.7 inches annually. Most of the precipitation comes during the winter months and during the monsoon season towards the end of summer. Rainfall typically comes in torrential, brief, downpours and usually with wind and thunderstorms. Arizona rarely experiences any hurricanes or tornadoes; however, there are records of both occurring.

Typical High and Low Temperatures For Various Arizona Cities

City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flagstaff 43/16 46/19 50/23 58/27 68/34 79/41 82/50 80/49 74/42 63/31 51/22 44/17
Phoenix 67/45 71/48 76/53 85/58 94/67 104/76 107/83 104/82 99/76 88/62 75/50 67/44
Tucson 64/39 68/42 73/45 82/50 90/59 100/68 100/73 97/72 94/68 84/57 72/45 65/39
Winslow 47/21 54/26 62/31 70/37 79/45 90/54 93/62 90/61 84/53 72/40 58/29 47/21
Yuma 70/46 75/49 80/53 87/58 95/65 104/73 107/81 106/81 101/75 90/64 77/52 69/46
Temperatures listed are in Fahrenheit
Source: US Travel Weather and The Weather Channel

Arizona Attractions

There are currently no attractions listed. If you would like to list an attraction such as an amusement park, museum, zoo, state park, etc you will soon be able to submit your information here.

User Submitted Articles for Arizona

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Additional Resources

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